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Breastfeeding Rates Improved With Financial Reward

Mar, 27/02/2018 - 01:00
Financial incentives modestly improved breastfeeding rates in areas of England with a baseline prevalence of less than 40%, according to a study published in JAMA Pediatrics.

High-Intensity Exercise Safe in De Novo Parkinson Disease

Mar, 27/02/2018 - 01:00
Clinicians can safely prescribe high-intensity exercise to patients with Parkinson disease who are not yet taking medication, found a phase 2 trial published in JAMA Neurology.

Internet-Accessed STI Test Complements Face-to-Face Services

Mar, 27/02/2018 - 01:00
Internet-accessed sexually transmitted infection testing (e-STI testing) increased uptake of STI testing, according to a study published in PLOS Medicine.

Stem Cell Transplantation Improves Scleroderma

Mar, 27/02/2018 - 01:00
Myeloablative autologous hematopoietic stem cell transplantation resulted in significantly better long-term clinical outcomes—although greater toxicity–in patients with scleroderma than did cyclophosphamide, found a trial published in the New England Journal of Medicine.

Accelerating Clinical Gene Editing

Mar, 27/02/2018 - 01:00
A new National Institutes of Health (NIH) program aims to speed the clinical translation of gene-editing technologies like clustered regularly interspaced short palindromic repeats–Cas9 (CRISPR-Cas9).

Iodine Deficiency and Fertility

Mar, 27/02/2018 - 01:00
Women with moderate to severe iodine deficiency may have a more difficult time conceiving, suggests an observational study by researchers from the NIH’s Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD).

Plant Chemical for Pain Relief

Mar, 27/02/2018 - 01:00
A chemical from the cactuslike plant Euphorbia resinifera found in Morocco reduces postsurgical pain in rats, according to a study by researchers from the National Institutes of Health’s (NIH’s) Clinical Center.

Hepatitis B Recommendations Updated

Mar, 27/02/2018 - 01:00
Healthy infants should be vaccinated with the hepatitis B within 24 hours of birth and physicians should not delay vaccination until after discharge, according to new recommendations from the US Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP) and the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). Previously, the recommendations allowed for newborn vaccination after discharge.

Women’s Use of ADHD Drugs Skyrockets

Mar, 27/02/2018 - 01:00
The number of privately insured women of child-bearing age filling prescriptions for attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) medications increased 344% between 2003 and 2015, according to the a recent report by the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC).

Notes for a Chord

Mar, 27/02/2018 - 01:00
Quiver of air against the tympanumunsettles the body’s smallest bones whose tap starts ripples in the wellwhere weedy cells, like fronds within a poolswayed by the step of water-thrush on twig,magnify motion. Membrane through molecule,a leap of voltage leads a pilgrim marchinto a temporal convexityconfessing music. This may beanatomy’s holiday, its workhewn by a fiercer need.

Food Inspection and Food Control

Mar, 27/02/2018 - 01:00
If it is true that public health is purchasable, it is also true that limited expenditures will not procure unlimited talent or unlimited results. The upshot of this indisputable statement is that community health work ought to assume a pragmatic attitude to the extent of undertaking foremost those procedures which pay well from the standpoint of good returns in lives saved and disease prevented. The evolution of modern public health activities has been gradual; it is still far from a complete or ideal stage. Progress in science has pointed year after year to the desirability of new measures in preventive medicine; but it has also often directed attention to the inefficacy of earlier procedures and given justification for their modification or abandonment. Nevertheless, the prestige of an established custom, whether it is in trade, in diet, or in practical hygiene, is not infrequently so firm that something more than scientific argument is needed to uproot or replace it.

Sport-Related Concussion

Mar, 27/02/2018 - 01:00
This JAMA Patient Page describes the evaluation and management of sport-related concussion.


Mar, 27/02/2018 - 01:00

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